Basic General Chicken Facts

Male chickens are known as roosters or cocks or cockerels, females are known as hens or pullets. Castrated males are known as capons, but castrating chickens seems a silly and expensive option to some people who reckon its easier not to have a cockerel if they dont want chicks.

Cockerels are generally distinguished by larger head furnishings (combs and whattles) and colourful plumage (feathers).

Head furnishings direct the blood to the surface to keep the chickens cool. In winter, when its cold, chickens head furnishings may seem a little more pale than usual, this is because vasoconstriction occurs, which is where the blood vessels near the skin narrow and more blood is directed deeper down to conserve heat.

Things to keep in stock for chicken keeping…

Below I have written a list of essenttials to keep in stock for poultry keeping. The first section covers day to day essentials that should be kept in stock, for disinfecting, treating, boosting, feeding etc.

Layers pellet or mash for grown  hens

Growers pellet or mash for growing hens

Chick crumbs for chicks aged 0-6 weeks

Disinfectant such as dettol which has the added benefit of being a red mite deterant.

Apple cider vinegar a booster

Grit to help chickens breakdown food

Crushed oyster shell, boosts calcium and avoids soft shelled eggs, can be mixed in with grit

Wormer to worm them


Coxoid for the treatment of coccidiosis

Hibiscrub to clean up wounds

Wound powder for minor wounds

Smite spray for red mite

Red mite powder